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  • Joan Rothchild Hardin

Cipro & Levaquin can cause tendinitis & tendon ruptures


Source: MedPage Today

On top of all the other side effects caused by heavy duty, broad spectrum antibiotics like Cipro & Levaquin, I recently learned they can also cause tendinitis and ruptured tendons.


Source: Regenexx

FDA ORDERS BLACK BOX WARNINGS ON CIPRO & OTHER FLUOROQUINOLONES: THESE DRUGS MAY RUPTURE TENDONS

“Federal regulators are ordering new warnings on Cipro and similar antibiotics because of increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture. The new warnings apply to fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics that includes the popular drug Cipro….

“The warning applies to drugs of the fluoroquinolone class, including Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR, Levaquin, Floxin, Noroxin, Avelox, Factive, and marketed generics….

“Most of the tendinitis and tendon ruptures affect the Achilles tendon, behind the ankle. But the agency has also received report of tendinitis and ruptures in the shoulder and hand. Tendons connect muscle to bone.

“Officials also say they are adding new warnings cautioning that patients over 60, those taking corticosteroids, and those who’ve undergone heart, lung, or kidney transplants are also at increased risk of tendon rupture or tendinitis if they take fluoroquinolones.

“Researchers don’t know exactly what fluoroquinolones do that promotes tendon rupturing. Theories suggest the drug may impede collagen formation or interrupt blood supply in joints …

“… Patients taking the drugs should tell their doctors immediately if they experience soreness or inflammation in muscles or tendons and that they should not exercise affected joints….”

 – (Zwillich, WebMD, 2008)


Source: ( Dr. William E. Morgan, 2013)

COMMON SIDE EFFECTS OF CIPRO


Source: Consumer Reports

  • Abdominal pain

  • Abnormal liver function tests

  • Agitation

  • Anxiety

  • Bleeding easily

  • Blurred vision

  • Bruising easily

  • Burning in the eyes

  • Confusion

  • Dark colored urine

  • Diarrhea, watery or bloody diarrhea

  • Dizziness

  • Drowsiness

  • Fainting

  • Fast or pounding heartbeat

  • Fever

  • Hallucinations

  • Headache

  • Insomnia

  • Nausea/vomiting

  • Nervousness

  • Nightmares

  • Numbness

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • Pale or yellow skin

  • Rash

  • Ringing in the ears

  • Seizures or convulsions

  • Skin pain, followed by a red or purple skin rash that spreads (especially in the face or upper body) and causes blistering and peeling

  • Sleep problems (insomnia or nightmares)

  • Sore throat

  • Stiffness

  • Stomach upset

  • Sudden pain

  • Swelling of the face or tongue

  • Tenderness

  • Tingling

  • Unusual pain anywhere in the body

  • Unusual thoughts or behaviors

  • Urinating less than usual or not at all

  • Vaginal itching or discharge

  • Weakness

“This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. “

 – Cunha, RxList, 5/14/2018


MORE SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS OF CIPRO


Source: Drug Lawsuit Source

These are listed as  “serious and otherwise important adverse drug reactions” of Cipro, some “disabling and potentially irreversible”:

  • Tendinitis and Tendon Rupture

  • Peripheral Neuropathy

  • Central Nervous System Effects

  • Exacerbation of Myasthenia Gravis

  • Other Serious and Sometimes Fatal Adverse Reactions

  • Hypersensitivity Reactions

  • Hepatotoxicity

  • Serious Adverse Reactions with Concomitant Theophylline

  • Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea

  • Prolongation of the QT Interval

  • Musculoskeletal Disorders in Pediatric Patients

  • Photosensitivity/Phototoxicity

  • Development of Drug Resistant Bacteria

– (Cunha, RxList, 5/14/2018)

CONDITIONS TREATED WITH CIPRO


Source: SFGate

You can see from the following WebMD list of conditions treated with Cipro that this broad spectrum antibiotic is commonly used to combat a wide variety of established bacterial infections and is sometimes even given prophylactically :

  • intestine infection due to the Shigella bacteria

  • Intestinal Infection due to Campylobacter

  • Traveler’s Diarrhea

  • Acute Maxillary Sinus M. Catarrhalis Bacteria Infection

  • Pneumonia caused by Proteus Bacteria

  • Urinary Tract Infection caused by Klebsiella Bacteria

  • Infection of the Prostate Gland caused by Proteus

  • Continuous Bacterial Inflammation of the Prostate Gland

  • Skin Infection

  • Bone Infection caused by Enterobacter

  • Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

  • Complicated Peritonitis caused by E. Coli

  • Abscess Within the Abdomen

  • Infection of Urinary Tract due to Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

  • Urinary Tract Infection caused by Serratia

  • Skin Infection due to Klebsiella Bacteria

  • Acute Maxillary Sinus H. Influenzae Bacteria Infection

  • Complicated Peritonitis caused by Proteus Bacteria

  • Bacterial Infection of Kidney due to E. Coli Organism

  • Bladder Infection caused by E. Coli

  • Urinary Tract Infection due to E. Coli Bacteria

  • Infection of the Urinary Tract caused by Proteus Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Streptococcus Pyogenes Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Enterobacter Bacteria

  • Pneumonia caused by Bacteria

  • Infection Within the Abdomen

  • Urinary Tract Infection due to Staphylococcus Epidermidis

  • Skin Infection due to E. Coli Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Citrobacter Bacteria

  • Infection of Bone

  • Prevention of Plague Following Exposure to Plague

  • Bacterial Pneumonia caused by Klebsiella

  • Staphylococcus Saprophyticus Infection of Urinary Tract

  • Infection of the Prostate Gland caused by E. Coli

  • Skin Infection due to Proteus Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Bacteria

  • Skin Infection due to Providencia Bacteria

  • Infection of a Joint caused by Serratia Bacteria

  • Treatment to Prevent Anthrax following Exposure to Disease

  • Pneumonia due to the Bacteria Haemophilus Parainfluenzae

  • Pneumonia caused by E. Coli Bacteria

  • Infection of Urinary Tract due to Providencia Species

  • Urinary Tract Infection caused by Citrobacter

  • Skin Infection caused by Morganella Morganii

  • Joint Infection caused by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Bacteria

  • Bone Infection caused by Serratia Bacteria

  • Pneumonia caused by the Bacteria Enterobacter

  • Complicated Peritonitis caused by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

  • Complicated Peritonitis caused by Klebsiella Bacteria

  • Bladder Infection caused by Staphylococcus

  • Infection of the Urinary Tract caused by Enterococcus

  • Joint Infection caused by Enterobacter Species Bacteria

  • Infection of a Joint

  • Diarrhea caused by E. Coli Bacteria

  • Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection

  • Typhoid Fever

  • Diarrhea caused by a Bacteria

  • Plague

  • Acute Maxillary Sinus S. Pneumoniae Bacteria Infection

  • Pneumonia caused by the Bacteria Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

  • Bacterial Pneumonia caused by Haemophilus Influenzae

  • Pneumonia caused by Gram-Negative Bacteria

  • Bronchitis caused by the Bacteria Moraxella Catarrhalis

  • Complicated Peritonitis caused by Bacteroides Bacteria

  • Infection of Urinary Tract due to Enterobacter Cloacae

  • Urinary Tract Infection caused by Morganella Morganii

  • Skin Infection due to Staphylococcus Epidermidis Bacteria

  • Bone Infection caused by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

  • Short-Term Infection with Diarrhea

  • Discomfort & Weight Loss

  • Diverticulitis

  • Diabetic Foot Infection

  • chancroid

  • Heart Valve Infection caused by Haemophilus

  • Pneumonia caused by the Bacteria Anthrax

  • Cystic Fibrosis and Infection from Pseudomonas Bacteria

  • Bacterial Stomach or Intestine Infection caused by Anthrax

  • Infection of the Brain or Spinal Cord caused by Anthrax

  • Urinary Tract Infection Prevention

  • Skin Infection caused by Anthrax

  • Treatment to Prevent Traveler’s Diarrhea

  • Treatment to Prevent Meningococcal Meningitis

  • Presumed Infection in Neutropenic Patient With Fever

 – (WebMD, 2018)

LEVAQUIN


Source: best-price-checker.com

The uses, potential side effects and warnings for Levaquin are similar to those for Cipro. See Levaquin (RxList, 2018A) if you want to check it out specifically.


Source: HealthHearty

FDA SAYS TO USE FLUOROQUINOLONES ONLY AS A DRUG OF LAST RESORT


Source: Drugwatch.com

The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) posted this warning on July 27 2016:

“According to a July 26 FDA Drug Safety Communication … these medications have been associated with disabling and potentially permanent side effects involving tendons, muscles and/or joints, as well as peripheral nerves and the central nervous system. Some patients may even experience more than one such adverse effect.

“Therefore, said FDA officials, fluoroquinolones should be used in patients with acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS), acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (ABECB) or uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) only when no other treatment options are available, “because the risk of these serious side effects generally outweighs the benefits in these patients.”

“‘Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully,’ said Edward Cox, M.D., director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products in the agency’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, in (a news release). ‘It’s important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use.’

“The agency has revised the boxed warning for all drugs in this class of antibiotics to reflect these serious safety concerns. Those drugs are:

  • moxifloxacin (Avelox)

  • ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

  • ciprofloxacin extended-release (Cipro extended-release)

  • gemifloxacin (Factive)

  • levofloxacin (Levaquin) and

  • ofloxacin (Ofloxacin generic brand)….

Specific events reported include:

  • tendinitis and tendon rupture,

  • muscle pain or weakness,

  • joint pain and/or joint swelling,

  • peripheral neuropathy, and

  • central nervous system effects (e.g., psychosis, anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts).

“Effects can begin within hours of starting the medications, but they may not be seen until after weeks of treatment. Patients should be advised to discontinue the drugs immediately if they experience any serious adverse effects.

“The benefits of fluoroquinolones continue to outweigh the risks when used for certain serious bacterial infections (e.g., pneumonia, intra-abdominal infections) and the FDA says it is appropriate for them to remain available as a therapeutic option in such cases.”  – (AAFP, 2016) & (FDA, 2016)


Source: medium.com

FOLLOW AN ANTI-INFLAMMATORY REGIMEN IF YOU NEED TO TAKE ONE OF THESE ANTIBIOTICS


Since antibiotics target the good (probiotic)  bacteria in and on the body right along with their intended target, harmful bacteria, also be sure to take lots of the probiotic yeast, Sacharomyces boulardii, to protect your gut microbiome from being overrun by pathogenic bacteria anytime you’re given a course of antibiotics. This includes antibiotics you receive unbeknownst to you in your IV along with the anesthetic during surgeries. And remember that you can talk with your surgeon about exactly which antibiotic you’ll be given during surgery and why.

Sacharomyces boulardii is a probiotic YEAST, not a bacterium, so is not targeted by antiBIOTICS and can act as a place holder in your gut microbiome to fill up the space created when an antibiotic kills off your good bacteria.

See this earlier post for more information on Sacharomyces boulardii.

Dr Gabrielle Francis, who alerted me to the tendinitis and tendon rupture warnings for Cipro and Levaquin, recommends following this anti-inflammatory regimen during and for at least three months after a course of one of these antibiotics has been finished:

GLUCOSAMINE SULFATE (integrative Therapeutics) – to lubricate and strengthen tendons, build and support joint cartilage: 1 at breakfast/1 at dinner

BIOINFLAMAX (Nutra BioGenesis) – to maintain a healthy inflammatory response in joint and muscles: 2 at breakfast/2 at dinner

MAGNESIUM MALATE (Designs for Health or Integrative Therapeutics) – to protect joints and muscles: 1 at breakfast/1 at dinner

OSTEOFORCE SUPREME (Designs for Health) – to support bone health: 1 at breakfast/1 at dinner For more information on these supplements (benefits, ingredients list, side effects, interactions), see:

Glucosamine Sulfate BioInflamax What Are the Benefits of Magnesium Malate? and Magnesium Malate OsteoForce Supreme


Source: The Herban Alchemist